Facts and Statistics
What is Breast Cancer?
When cells in the breast are growing at a rate that is uncontrollable, then breast cancer starts to develop. These rapidly growing cells can easily be detected by x-ray or can be felt as a lump in the breasts. Almost all women have the tendency to be afflicted with the disease condition, but men should not let their guards down, because breast cancer can affect them too. The cancer cells have the capacity to invade the surrounding tissues of the breasts and can even spread out in other parts of the body.
Warning Signs and Early Detection
For women who are religiously undergoing regular mammography screening, most breast cancers are diagnosed at their earliest stage even before any warning signs could manifest. Early signs that breast cancer is present are a change in the way the nipple looks, a pain that seemingly doesn’t go away, the presence of redness, rash, or itchiness on the breast, and discharges coming out from the nipple.
Late Signs of Breast Cancer
When small changes in the breast are not consulted immediately, late signs of breast cancer would appear. These signs can come in the form of an abnormal enlargement of the affected breast, a peau d’orange or orange like look and feel of the breast, dimpling of the breast, visibility of veins and a sudden weight loss.
Breast Cancer in Men
Although men are less susceptible to breast cancer, it is important to understand the different warning signs men should look for in their breast. Signs of breast cancer in men could be unexplained redness, skin irritation, itchiness on the breast, thickening of the breast, retraction of the nipples and nipple discharge.
Latest Statistics in Breast Cancer
There’s a total of 508,000 women who succumbed to breast cancer last 2011 per WHO report. Breast cancer incidence rates vary in a global scale, for instance, 40 per 100,000 population are affected in developing countries; whereas, most African countries have the lowest incidence of breast cancer. On the other hand, survival rate likewise varies from country to country. There is an estimated 80% survival rate of breast cancer in North America; while 60% is for middle-income countries and about 40% for low income ones. The lower survival rates could be attributed to the problems of early detection and lack of treatment facilities.